Understanding Active Ingredients In Skincare Products

June 16, 2020

 

What Is Active Ingredients?

 

An active ingredient is a chemical in the skincare that makes the product work or the compound and molecule in the product that is doing what product says it's supposed to do. 
Most skin products ingredients are great for skin moisturizer, but if you want to treat your skin's specific concerns such as acne, fine line, or sunspot, you need to choose a skin product that contains the right active ingredients to get the result you need.

 

With as many different skincare products on the market as they are now, with gleaming packaging, and alluring promises to fight or reverse the signs of aging, many ingredients seem complicated for you to understand or wonder what they meant. The skincare aisle can prove overwhelming for many products and active ingredients, and it can be challenging to navigate the beauty aisle with such certainty.

 

Understanding skincare ingredient lists isn't easy, as it seems. How can you tell which ingredient is fit for you, which is the best for you and which aren't? And what about those long technical words and tongue twister names? Well, I hope after you read this, you will get accustomed to some of the popular skincare active ingredients and the names so it will help you to understand better and to choose the component that's targeted your skin problem.

 

 

 

So now, let's decode the product label by getting the knowledge of all these active ingredients listed; after all, when you tear away the lovely packaging, this is all left on the bottle- is the ingredients. That's why it is vital to become an informed consumer and be aware of what you're putting on your skin and finding the right skincare that is effective for you.

 


1. Alpha-Hydroxy Acids is great for exfoliating the skin. 


Exfoliating is a great way to enhance skin tone and texture, but it might also harm the skin if we use harsh abrasive exfoliators such as sugar, salt, oatmeal-based scrub. AHA (Alpha Hydroxy acids) a relatively gentle form of chemical exfoliates widely used in many skincare products such as face cleanser, toners, masks, and creams. It is to help loosen dead skin cells and to generate a new smooth skin cell, no scrubbing required. AHAs include lactic Acid, which comes from milk (lactose) and Glycolic Acid derived from sugarcane, Malic Acid from apple, Citric Acid from citrus fruit, and Tartaric Acid derived from wine grapes.

 
Because they're water-soluble, these products don't penetrate deep below the skin surface and are the least likely to irritate the skin, ideal for all skin types, even more, suitable for sensitive skin. Other potential skincare benefits of AHA is including lightening dark spots and reduction in the appearance of blackheads and Acne. 

 

2. Beta Hydroxy Acid to clear acne and blemishes.

 

Salicylic Acid is the most common BHA in skincare (lesser-known cousins of skincare superstars Alpha-Hydroxy Acids), this is another form of chemical exfoliant. This oil-soluble product that able to penetrates pores deeply below the skin's surface insuring efficacy for oily skin types to clear pores, Acne, and blackheads. BHA also fights bacteria on the skin's surface, has a naturally soothing effect, and has the benefits of reducing inflammation. Salicylic Acid is best for those with congested pores or oily skin and recognized by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as an acne-treatment ingredient.

 

So, in other words, if you have oily skin, acne, breakouts, Beta Hydroxy Acids, it should be your choice for your skincare regimen because of these benefits. And because it has proven useful to treat skin breakouts and blemishes.

 

3. Collagen for youthful skin

 

One vital micronutrient in our body is Collagen, which is a type of protein and is one of the main blocks of our skin. By giving our skin its thickness, suppleness, and strength, you will also find Collagen in the bones, tendons, and ligaments. The body naturally makes Collagen by breaking down dietary protein into amino acids (organic molecules) that comprise a basic amino group; this Amino Acid is an essential compound that produces various proteins that our body needs, including Collagen.

 

Unfortunately, Collagen starts to deteriorate with age; genetics and lifestyle play a critical role in affecting how fast the degradation happens. Environmental factors such as sun damage, bad habits such as smoking, and poor diet all create free radical damage collagen, one of the culprits of the degeneration of our skin.

 

This's how the collagen serum comes in handy because of this collagen replacement designed to stimulate the production of this structural protein and replace your damaged Collagen by erasing and preventing wrinkles and age spots from developing.

 

4. Peptides to help boost Collagen for skin

 

Peptides are a linkage of amino acids that are units of proteins molecules and proteins, which are the building block of our skin. The framework of every single tissue in our bodies determined by the chains of amino acids and arrangements in different chain structures. When peptide is a short chain of amino acids, they are small enough to penetrate the top layer of our skin and send signals to the body that it needs to produce more Collagen and let cells know how to improve their function.

 

As we age, our collagen production decreases, and it breaks down, Peptides help reparative treatments to combat specific signs of aging like signs of wrinkles, loss of density, and changes in textures.

 

So, think of the peptide as the messenger between skin cells. When applied topically in skincare, it will relax wrinkles, stop collagen degradation, and increase collagen production and maintain the youthfulness of our skin by slowing down the sign of aging and have the appearance of more youthful and supple skin.

 

5. Retinol to fight the sign of aging, make skin smooth and firm.

 

Retinol is a vitamin A derivative that has been praised as one of the most effective treatments for acne, but most recently has become part of a daily skincare routine. The benefits of Retinol include promoting skin renewal, removing the brown spot, improving skin texture, and reducing the visible signs of aging due to sun exposure, fine line, and wrinkle. This powerful antioxidant fights free radicals, one of our skin's biggest Enemies.

 

To simplify; Under Vitamin A derivatives contain a group of families. One of them is a retinoid family and members of this family, including Retinoic Acid (Retin-A, Different, Renova), Retinol, and so forth. They all share the same last name, Retinoid. You can obtain Retinol without a prescription that has numerous studies and has evidence-backed topical medication for diminishing fine line and visible signs of aging due to sun exposure. Another strong medicine for the Retinoid family that you can get over the counter is Differin medication specially formulated to treat acne.

 

While the cosmetic industry is saturated with skincare products that promise to reverse and prevent the sign of aging, there is only one "Gold standard" product that dermatologists and FDA approved effective- None other than Retinol. 

 

6. Niacinamide protect skin from inflammation and contain Antioxidant Properties.

 

Niacinamide is a form of vitamin B3, also known as nicotinamide. Which has potent antioxidant activities and helps reduce inflammation; it may also reduce red and brown pigmentation. Studies have shown that Niacinamide can act as antioxidant advocacy, improving epidermal barrier function, and decreasing skin hyperpigmentation. It also helps reduce fine lines and wrinkles, decrease redness-blotchiness, and improve skin elasticity.

 

The culprit of all the skin conditions that can cause damages and inflammation to our skin are the environmental aggressors such as pollution, stress, or poor lifestyle and diet. Niacinamide (Vitamin B3) can help our skin problem and fix it, and it can also help the body perform critical tasks, like indicating DNA and converting carbohydrates into fats and proteins. Vitamin B3 derivative suppressed melanin (uneven color skin area of dark spots that appears on mature skin) from reaching the surface of the skin.

 

7. Coenzyme Q10 (COQ10) for growth and maintenance.

 

Is active in mitochondria (the engine of our cell) in all living cells, Coenzyme Q10 is an antioxidant that the body produces naturally. The cells that need energy the most are the essential parts of our body, such as the heart, liver, and kidney, which contains the most abundant mitochondria. Therefore, they need the most Coq10 to help transfer the energy that it requires to function correctly. Also known as Ubiquinone, Coenzyme q10 integrated into the mitochondria cells throughout the body and where it stores and regulates the conversion of fats and sugar into energy.

 

Why we need CoQ10 to maintain youthful and healthy skin? Our skin is a large, sophisticated biological membrane; it's alive and can regenerate and repair itself and produces CoQ10 naturally to destroy free radicals in the cells. As complicated as it is, our skin consists of two essential proteins; One is protein elastin that gives our skin it's elasticity. The other is Collagen, a protein that responsible for skin strength. These proteins are building blocks of our skin. As we age, its productions tend to decrease, make the skin cell more vulnerable to damage, our skin suffers the result of being tired, inelastic skin, and wrinkles. Fortunately, we can also get CoQ10 through our diet, supplements, and skincare products. CoQ10 will help regenerate our skin and help combat our common enemy-free radicals.

 

 

8. Ceramides to help improve barrier function.

 

Ceramides are lipids, some kind of fat molecules which make up a significant proportion of cell membrane that provides a smooth plumpness skin that we desired. Similar to Collagen, Ceramides are vital components of the epidermis and play a key role in barrier protection of the skin, the outermost layer of your skin, which comes in contact with the exposure elements such as an environmental stressors. It captures and binds water to stay hydrated. It also maintains skin moisture levels, preventing dry and irritated skin. In other words; Form of barriers that keep the contagion out and the nutrients inside the skin.

 

Although your skin does naturally create its ceramides, like everything else that our body produces mostly declines as we age. While you can't completely stop the decrease of your natural levels of ceramides but by incorporating ceramide into your regime would help increase the level with the cream to top up the ceramide levels in the skin. It will simultaneously repair skin barriers and diminish inflammation.

 

9. Hyaluronic Acid helps slow down the effect of aging and hydrate skin.

 

Hyaluronic Acid (HA) is a powerful moisturizer and is one of the primary contributors to keep our skin supple, hydrated, refreshed, and encourages skin cell renewal. The Hyaluronic Acid is a humectant with the most significant ability to hold water up to 1,000 its weight in water. It absorbs and retains water within the skin and keeps the body well-lubricated moisturizer. The main reason why Hyaluronic Acid is so popular right now and almost every well-known brand of skincare products dedicates one exclusive line for Hyaluronic Acid. It has mega power ability hydrate your skin like none other, keep its natural glow and radiant.

 

Hyaluronic Acid (HA) is produced naturally in our bodies, the most substantial amount of Hyaluronic Acid found in the skin, the eyes, and the connective tissue. But as we age, the skin's HA level can decrease; this is why we need extra help from serum to replace this substance that we lose because of environmental stressors.

 

Hyaluronic Acid has so many benefits for your skin that it's a must-have for every skincare routine, including an anti-aging ingredient. If you are looking for a more hydrated, dewy, and plump complexion, you know what to get. And one of the great things of Hyaluronic Acid is ideal for all skin types.

 

 

 

Thank you so much for reading

 

Much love,

Joice

 






Reading source: www.mayoclinic.org, www.healthline.com, www.webmd.com, www.medscape.org

 

 

 

 

 

 

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